Category Archives: Hedgehog

Hedgehogs: Do they smell?

Hedgehogs: Do they smell?

Hedgehogs: Do they smell?

One thing that all people planning to get pets to have is how much smell will they have to put up with. Are you planning on getting a hedgehog as a pet? Do you have doubt whether “do hedgehogs smell or do hedgehogs stink?”Well, let me ease your mind a little and tell you that hedgehogs have no smell as such because they lack scent glands which actually are what contribute to an animal having its own odor.

However, if you have a pet hedgehog and it is smelling, you should ask yourself the following questions-

If your hedgehog stinks- do you give it a bath frequently?

Although, before dwelling into the serious causes for which your hedgehog may be smelling, consider this option first. Have you given your hedgehog a bath, hedgehogs do not really need to be given a bath every day, once a month is more than enough. However, if you have forgotten to give your hedgehog a bath, it could be the reason your hedgehog may be smelling.

What contributes the most towards the pet odor, is the feces and urine that may be stuck on its feet. Urine and feces have ammonia present in them which the more it stays the more smell starts to come from it. Do not worry about your hedgehog eating its own poop, this is not a behavior hedgehogs exhibit.

So make sure that you clean your hedgehog at least once in 1 month.

TIPS FOR GIVING YOUR HEDGEHOG A BATH- If your hedgehog stinks and you are new to this process of giving a hedgehog a bath you can use the following tips-

  • Have with you the following items- baby shampoo, toothbrush which has soft bristles and towel.
  • Use a non-slip mat either in the tub or sink as hedgehog skin is very sensitive and will keep slipping.
  • Fill the sink or tub with water that covers about 3/4th of your hedgehog.
  • Take some shampoo in your hands and spread it across your hedgehog’s back and belly.
  • Use a tooth brush so that you can reach in between the quills as well.
  • After you have created enough lather, take some clean water in a mug and rinse it off from your hedgehog.
  • Let the hedgehog air dry himself.

What food are you giving to your hedgehog?

Always keep in mind that your hedgehog could be smelling because of the diet you are providing it with. Hedgehogs usually require food that is high in protein and less in fat. Make sure that you give your hedgehog the right food because if not, its health may be affected and it may start to smell.

Do not worry, as to whether your hedgehog is eating its own poop. This is not the behavior they exhibit.

How is the bedding your hedgehog sleeps in?

The same way that we keep changing our bed sheets, you will also have to change the bedding your hedgehog is using at least once a month. As the smell coming from your hedgehog may be a result of the bedding on not the hedgehog itself.

Can you see any other symptoms in your hedgehog?

Sometimes, if your hedgehog is smelling bad, it may be a cause for concern and could mean that your hedgehog may be sick.

Look for other symptoms such as whether the quills of your hedgehog are falling off. However, if you have given your hedgehog a bath, have made the correct changes in its diet and have also changed its bedding, then smell alone is indication enough that something may be wrong with your hedgehog and that you should take it to an exotic animals vet as soon as possible.  

Getting yourself pets that don’t smell- Conclusion

So now that you are aware that hedgehogs do not have any smell of their own, you can definitely buy one. However, if you have a hedgehog and you have already bathed it, corrected its diet and changed its bedding but it still continues to smell, it is a cause for concern and you should show it to an exotic animals vet immediately.

Are hedgehogs hypoallergenic?

Are hedgehogs hypoallergenic?

Are hedgehogs hypoallergenic?

The basic answer is – Yes! Having a diminished inclination to incite a hypersensitive response. The meaning of hypoallergenic may astound a few people. Hypoallergenic does not mean non-allergenic. Hedgehogs are not all around prone to cause a susceptible response, yet it has been known to occur. Hedgehogs produce almost no dander, which is the typical guilty party for creature hypersensitivities. Unfavorably susceptible responses to hedgehogs are normally from little pricks of the hedgehog’s plumes that have been debased with an allergen.


Most of the individuals who think they are adversely affected by their hedgehog are really oversensitive to the bedding. You should need to have a go at changing to various sheet material alternatives on the off chance that you are influenced. I am sensitive to practically the majority of the bedding, so I utilize a HEPA channel directly next to the question- are hedgehog hypoallergenic? confines. Because of my hypersensitivities, if the plumes prick my fingers I get a little imprudent that vanishes close to washing my hands.

Instructions to reduce unfavourably susceptible responses

  • On the off chance that you find that you have a serious response to the bedding, you should attempt downy or corduroy texture that is sliced to fit in the base of the enclosure. Make sure to search for free strings in the texture, since hedgehogs have been known to get their feet captured and lose flow which prompts removals.
  • In the event that you speculate that you are adversely affected by hedgehogs, it can wash the hedgehog month to month in tepid water and a drop of olive oil. It is additionally a smart thought to keep an air purifier with a HEPA channel near the enclosure. Since hedgehogs produce next to no dander, this ought to be all that is expected to mitigate your side effects.

My own encounters

Despite the fact that my feline is hypoallergenic (Bengal feline breed), I will get a response on the off chance that I contact my eyes subsequent to petting him. I have seen that on the off chance that I pet my feline and, at that point handle my hedgehog’s allergies I am bound to get a rash. I likewise have gentle sensitivities to fragrances, feed, shape, most cleaning items and creature dander.

  • I find that on the off chance that I wash my hands with hand sanitizer before dealing with the hedgies, that I once in a while get any impulsive. In the event that you have issues with hypersensitivities, I’d suggest washing your hands before dealing with your hedgehogs, however, stay away from the scented cleanser.
  • That being said – indeed, it is conceivable to have sensitivities. Most by far of individuals don’t, or on the off chance that they do, they’re minor to the point that they aren’t vexatious. The most well-known response is exactly what you portrayed – little red knocks where the plumes press. It’s sort of like having a sensitivity test, where the substance is squeezed only the most modest piece under the skin, and red spots distinguish which of those the individual is oversensitive to.
  • Whatever it on the hedgehog’s plumes can get squeezed into the skin, which can cause a response in progressively delicate people. I, for one, have mediocre hypersensitivities to hounds and not really middle of the road sensitivities to felines. I handle different hedgehogs allergies consistently (as a reproducer) and will some of the time get the knocks on my inward arms or upper chest.

While I’ve known about a couple of individuals who have had progressively more awful responses, to the point that it turned into a genuine issue, for all intents and purposes every other person I know who’s accomplished it has never had it more than exceptionally gentle. You can lessen it by washing your hedgehog routinely, utilizing texture/wool bedding (on the off chance that you aren’t as of now), and on the off chance that you feel the need, being aware of having delicate territories of skin secured while dealing with her.

(For instance, for me, that would mean long sleeves and not a low profile shirt – but rather it doesn’t trouble me enough that I trouble.

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Hedgehogs Breeding

Hedgehogs Breeding

Hedgehogs make beautiful pets for people. They are cute, intelligent, curious and the best part is that they sleep at night. Thus you won’t have to wake up every now and then check on it. In areas where they are licensed, it’s quite easy to find a hedgehog for purchase. You can try the local pet store for that matter.

But now that you have decided to buy a hedgehog, would you be open to hedgehogs breeding? Well, many people consider hedgehogs breeding, and if you are planning to go on similar lines, here are a few insights which you must know.

So let’s dig in!

Hedgehog breeding Age:

Like in most species of animals, there is an exact hedgehog breeding age. You have to have the patience for your hedgehog to grow and reach that stage of maturity when you can go for hedgehogs breeding. This applies both to male and female hedgehogs. You need to wait for the hedgehog breeding age to ensure that your pet is fertile and physically ready to get pregnant. In many periods of their lives, they won’t get pregnant but the health risk associated with pregnancy goes up.

Both male and female hedgehogs must reach the minimum age of 5 months before you can even consider breeding them. This age is fine because at this point they reach overall maturity. Even though they can be fertile at an earlier age, but the psychological stress resulting from pregnancy can cause serious damage to them.

It’s important to note while considering hedgehog breeding age, the females used for the purpose must have been bred at least once before the age of 1 ½ year. If not, then they must not be bred as that can cause physical problems.

How Do Hedgehogs Mate?

Though it may seem funny to many, how do hedgehogs mate is not a joke? In fact, it is a very delicate process. The female has to get into a particular body posture with her spines flattened, so as to enable to male partner to ride her from the back. Radio tracking method has shown that generally, hedgehogs are promiscuous, i.e they can have multiple partners in a single breeding season.

How Many Babies Do Hedgehogs Have?

How many babies does a hedgehog have? This is one question that every hedgehog owner has asked sometime in their life. Of course, its an important question if you are considering breeding your hedgehog.

Well, you might have a load full of surprise to the question “how many babies do hedgehogs have?” Unlike human beings, who can produce a maximum of 2 two babies per birth generally (there are exceptions and rare cases), other animals produce a litter in each birth.

Hedgehogs can be unpredictable at producing babies. They can produce a minimum of 1 per litter, but the chances of producing many hoglets( baby hedgehogs) are really high.  Many times, hedgehogs can produce 4 babies per litter. But most commonly 8 to 9 babies appear per litter. Thus you have to prepare yourself for handling such a big litter.

Your preparation will involve buying accessories for the babies, cages and other things which you will need when the babies grow up. You will also have to care for the litter in a proper manner and line up a loved-filled home for these hoglets to get adopted in once they grow up.

Hedgehog Gestation Period

Many breeders are often confused about the hedgehog gestation period. To make the concept clear, the gestation period is the time required by the animal to give birth. Once the hedgehog is pregnant, the hedgehog gestation period can be anywhere between four to six weeks. However, the exact time period depends on the particular species though. For instance the four-toed hedgehogs, Atelerix albiventris female hedgehogs are generally pregnant for 35 days before giving birth. On the other hand, Western European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) have a longer gestation period. The gestation period can actually extend to 49 days for this specific species for hedgehogs.

The labor time also varies from one female hedgehog to another. While some go into labor and give birth within minutes, others might take hours.  

Now that all the key questions regarding hedgehog breeding have been answered, its time to get into the main concern of every hedgehog breeder, how to breed hedgehogs?

How to breed hedgehogs?

First things first, hedgehog mating is not something for the faint hearted, you need to meet a few points in the checklist to become successful in your venture. Few points can include the following:

Check if you need a license: In many areas, pet hedgehogs are regulated in and in many other areas they are illegal. In order to breed them officially, you might need a special permit or license. Thus it’s important to know the following points:

If you hail for the USA, you must check with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to know if you need a permit to breed hedgehogs in your area.

Selection: Once that is sorted, select male and female hedgehogs for the breeding process. However, both must be above the age of 5 months.

If you are finding it difficult you can check with the authorized dealer in your area to find an age appropriate hedgehog.

However, it’s important to get the age of the female hedgehog checked from the vet before the process begins.

Select Healthy Partners: On reaching sexual maturity, male hedgehogs can breed for their entire lifetime. However, for the health of your female hedgehog and the litter, it’s important to select a male which is free from defects and is in good health.

Creating The Setting: Begin the process by bringing the female cage near the male’s cage. Remove any obstacles, such as toys, tubes and such from the cage. After some time, place the female inside the male’s cage and let them be for a couple of hours.

However, do not be paranoid if you find your hedgehogs hissing at each other, appearing to fight or chasing each other. That’s how they “date”.

Return The Female To Its Cage: Most hedgehogs will complete mating in a few days. After that, you must return the female hedgehog to its own cage so that it can rest. If you want to improve her chances of being pregnant, return her to the male hedgehog’s cage after a week or so.

Projected Due Date: Hedgehogs generally take 35 to 40 days before delivery. Thus mark the day when your hedgehog mated and count 35 days from that day to get a probable due date. However, you must wait for a few days more, say 46 days to assume that your hedgehog is not pregnant.

However, if your hedgehog is pregnant, you must keep it warm, provide it proper nutrition and keep it hydrated. It might become important to replace the empty dishes of water and food often when your female hedgehog gets pregnant. Additionally, in the last two weeks of pregnancy, you might have to increase the amount of food and water. Generally, female hedgehogs eat more than their daily measurement during this time. Just check the dishes often and keep them well fed.  Very soon you will have a handful of hoglets to keep you busy. All the best!

How to Help Your Hedgehog Lose Weight : overweight hedgehogs

How to Help Your Hedgehog Lose Weight : overweight hedgehogs

Is your cute hedgehog putting on a lot of weight? Is it just lazy and likes sitting around all day? Does he look like a  literal ball of fur now? Well, if you are facing these issues then it’s okay to say that you have one of the overweight hedgehogs.

Having a hedgehog as a pet is fun. They are super cute and makes any dull day happy. What is not good is an obese hedgehog. Though they still continue to look cute and adorable, it is highly dangerous and unhealthy for your beloved pet.

Your fat hedgehog might be growing fatter due to the lack of exercise or due to eating fatty food constantly. Obesity among hedgehogs is a common problem and can cause a lot of complications.

But what all can you do to take care of your obese hedgehog? Here are a few pointers:

OverWeight Hedgehogs: Causes

Before getting on solving the problem obesity, its crucial to know what leads to obesity among hedgehogs so that such problems can be avoided in the future. The primary reason for weight gaining among hedgehogs is overeating. These cute little creatures can nibble on food almost throughout the day!


However, just because it looks cute, doesn’t mean its good to do. Hedgehogs need 30-70 calories a day, that is 1-3 tablespoon of food. Thus, if you are giving anything more than that, it might be the reason for your hedgehog’s obesity.

Overweight hedgehogs does not exercise at all, which further adds to its weight gain! Generally, hedgehogs are lazy animals and prefer resting throughout the day. In addition to that, if they have a small cage, their ability to move around for a while is also restricted.

Even though you might have a hedgehog exercise wheel installed for your little darling, still enough space to move around will be required.

While overeating and lack of exercise are the two main reasons why hedgehogs put on weight, multiple overweight hedgehog suffer due to the genetic pattern.

For such reasons, be very cautious about the diet you give to your hedgehog. Consult a vet if required and formulate a well thought out diet chart.

Problems Faced By Overweight Hedgehogs:

Your pet is your lifeline. You might be in the habit of waking up every morning to check on your adorable darling who might be scuttling around, doing utterly cute things. Its a sheer joy to come back home to find your hedgehog all energetic and in the pink of health.

Though you might have an obese hedgehog, who cares? As long it’s happy and jumping around the cage. That is where we go wrong. One fine day you might return home to find that your hedgehog is utterly sick, almost lifeless. The very thought makes you shudder right? As bad as it might sound, it is a probability. Thus you must act on it from now on.

Obesity is a disease which affects hedgehogs and humans alike. Some health impacts of obesity among hedgehogs can be:

  • Breathlessness
  • Cardiac Arrest
  • Fatty Liver
  • The high chances of developing a tumor
  • Early Death.

Since your hedgehog does not understand what is good for it, it is your responsibility to ensure that it does not binge all throughout the day. We understand that you love your hedgehog and denying it what it loves to eat will break your heart. But remember that’s is for their well being. They must eat right to be fit and fine.

How To Help Overweight Hedgehogs?

In order to get your obese hedgehog in shape, you need to tweak the equation of calorie in vs calorie out. Like humans, the hedgehogs too must intake a small amount of calorie and must burn out the extra to remain physically fit and active.

In that light, it’s important to focus on the two primary pillars of weight loss:

  • Restricting daily calorie intake of your hedgehog
  • Increase in the daily calorie expense of your hedgehog

However, do not begin the weight loss regime for your hedgehog abruptly. In fact, it is ideal to introduce a transition period where you slowly change the lifestyle for your hedgehog. But if you feel that your hedgehog is obese rather than just overweight then its best to have a discussion with a veterinarian in your locality.

Get Your Hedgehog To Excercise:

Believe it or not, exercising is an excellent way to bond with your hedgehog. In addition to that, exercising will get your hedgehog to lose weight. Your hedgehog will at first not understand what to do. Being all ball like, it will start searching for food.

You can use this to your advantage. Add a small piece of food to the hedgehog exercise wheel. However, do not add anything fatty. Stick to a healthy option. The food can lure your little darling to exercise!

In addition to a hedgehog exercise wheel, get your hedgehog a small hedgehog exercise ball, a playing maze, and such other things! You may wonder “do hedgehogs swim?” Oh yes, they do! In fact, swimming is a good water-based exercise for them. However, do not opt for anything fancy. Just a small tub can do the trick.

If you have an obese hedgehog choose any one of the above-mentioned activity or a combination of two. They are relatively easy and provide quick results.

Ideal Diet:

This is one pillar in which almost every hedgehog owner fail. Most owners do not understand the dietary requirements of their hogs and end up feeding them unsuitable food. Additionally, they also get their hogs to overeat which makes the situation even worse!

If you are confused about what to get your hedgehog to eat, then it’s best to consult a professional. A vet can make the best diet chat for your hedgehog covering a large range of foodstuffs that your hedgehog can eat. Additionally, if you are feeding staple food to your hedgehog change that habit immediately, as it’s not suited for them. Replace their daily diet with high-quality hedgehog meal for better results.

Help your hog remain cute and active!

Hedgehog Anointing: Why does your Hedgehog spit on itself?

If you have a hedgehog as a pet, you may have seen this scenario prior as well. You may have noticed your hedgehog suddenly stop from any activity it is doing, then contorting into an awkward position and it starts to foam from its mouth. After this, your hedgehog continues to lick as well as spread this foam on to its body.

If you are worried with regards to this behavior of your pet Hedgehog, we can assure you that there is nothing for you to worry about. This behaviour exhibited by your hedgehog is completely normal and is called Hedgehog anointing or Hedgehog self anointing.

Causes of Hedgehog self anointing

Now that you know that there is nothing wrong with your Hedgehog and that it is your Hedgehog’s behaviour of self anointing. Let us look at a few reasons as to why your Hedgehog may be doing so.

Foaming at the mouth of a Hedgehog for self anointing is still a mystery to science.  The reasons provided below are educated guesses by scientists studying Hedgehog behaviour and we could not agree more to it.

  • Covering its own smell

You will mostly see your Hedgehog exhibit such behaviour especially near new smells. It could be anything from your new perfume to your kitchen soap, and you may see your Hedgehog having foam at the mouth and starting to self anoint. This is believed to be a self defense mechanism and very similar to other animals in the wild who cover themselves in the odor of other animal carcasses so as to mask their own smell and not give up their hiding position. Here, it is assumed that your hedgehog may be feeling threatened and wants to hide itself from any potential danger.

  • A poisonous Defense Mechanism

Hedgehogs are famous for having a very high resistance against any toxic material and this also the reason that Hedgehogs are able to survive out in the wild feeding on giant toads even though they are full of toxic material inside. This kind of defense mechanism showcases that your hedgehog maybe spitting on or licking itself because it believes its covering its body with toxic material so as to ensure that he can keep any sort of hungry predators away.

Should you be worried?

If your Hedgehog has this kind of behaviour it is perfectly normal but this does not mean that if your Hedgehog is not showcasing such behaviour that something is wrong with him. It is proof that your Hedgehog feels completely safe in the environment that you have provided for him.

You may especially see this behaviour if your hedgehog is a baby or you have just adopted it. Hedgehogs, as mentioned above, tend to even feel a bit threatened if you yourself end up smelling different than usual as it is not a smell your hedgehog is aware off. Hedgehogs may even exhibit such behaviour while they are being cleaned or being handled as they are pretty much helpless in such a situation and will definitely feel threatened.

ConclusionDon’t worry now. Your Hedgehog is perfectly safe and as you can see from above it also has its own way of protecting itself. This behaviour is for animals who feel they need protecting from predators by way of masking their smell and even when they feel that licking or spitting on themselves will help applying a poisonous layer on their back as a way to dissuade any other animal from making them their dinner.